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As on: Sep 17, 2019 10:25 PM
Tata Motors Ltd
Industry: Automobiles - LCVs / HCVs
BSE Code ISIN Demat Book Value(Rs) NSE Symbol Mar.Cap(Rs Cr.) P/E(TTM) EPS(TTM) Face Value(Rs)
500570 INE155A01022 76.4049378 TATAMOTORS 38069 40.79 2.99 2

TO THE MEMBERS OF TATA MOTORS LIMITED

The Directors present their Seventy Fourth Annual Report along with the Audited Financial Statement of Accounts for the Financial Year 2018-19.

FINANCIAL RESULTS

(Rs in crores)

Standalone*

Consolidated

FY 2019 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2018
Revenue from operations 69,202.76 58,689.81 3,01,938.40 2,92,340.64
Total expenditure 63,476.23 55,824.11 2,72,143.59 2,58,536.37
Operating profit 5,726.53 2,865.70 29,794.81 33,804.27
Other Income 2,554.66 2,492.48 2,965.31 3,957.59
Profit before interest, foreign exchange, depreciation, amortization, exceptional item and tax 8,281.19 5,358.18 32,760.12 37,761.86
Finance cost 1,793.57 1,744.43 5,758.60 4,681.79
Profit before depreciation, amortization, exceptional item, foreign exchange and tax 6,487.62 3,613.75 27,001.52 33,080.07
Depreciation, amortization and product development/ engineering expenses 3,670.40 3,576.87 27,815.20 25,085.46
Foreign exchange (gain)/loss (net) 215.22 17.14 905.91 (1,185.28)
Profit/(loss) before exceptional items and tax 2,602.00 19.74 (1,719.59) 9,179.89
Exceptional Items - (gain) / loss (net) 203.07 966.66 29,651.56 (1,975.14)
Profit/(loss) before tax 2,398.93 (946.92) (31,371.15) 11,155.03
Tax expenses (net) 378.33 87.93 (2,437.45) 4,341.93
Profit/(loss) after tax 2,020.60 (1,034.85) (28,933.70) 6,813.10
Share of profit of joint venture and associates (net) - - 209.50 2,278.26
Profit/(loss) for the year 2,020.60 (1,034.85) (28,724.20) 9,091.36
Other comprehensive income/(loss) (23.43) 43.22 (5,575.77) 29,562.51
Total Other comprehensive income/(loss) for the year 1,997.17 (991.63) (34,299.97) 38,653.87
Attributable to:
Shareholders of the Company - - (34,401.73) 38,524.52
Non-controlling interest - - 101.76 129.35

* These include the Company's proportionate share of income and expenditure in its two joint operations, namely, Tata Cummins Pvt. Ltd. and Fiat India Automobiles Pvt. Ltd.

DIVIDEND

In view of inadequate profits for FY 2018-19, no dividend is permitted to be paid to the Members as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act') and the Rules framed thereunder.

TRANSFER TO RESERVES

The Board of Directors has decided to retain the entire amount of profits for FY 2018-19 in the Profit and Loss Account.

FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AND STATE OF THE COMPANY'S AFFAIRS

Operating Results and Profits

The Indian economy in FY 2018-19 started with a healthy 8.2% growth in the first quarter on the back of domestic resilience. Growth eased to 7.3% in the subsequent quarter due to rising global volatility, largely from financial volatility, normalized monetary policy in advanced economies, externalities from trade disputes, and investment rerouting. Further, the Indian rupee depreciated because of the crude price shock, and conditions exacerbated as recovery in some advanced economies caused faster investment outflows.

Global growth is moderating as the recovery in trade and manufacturing activity is losing its steam. Despite ongoing negotiations, trade tensions among major economies remain elevated. Growth in the United States has remained solid, bolstered by fiscal stimulus. In contrast, activity in the Euro Area has been somewhat weaker than previously expected, owing to slowing net exports. China registered growth of 6.5% in 2018. A rebound in private fixed investment helped offset a decline in public infrastructure and other state spending. However, industrial production and export growth have decelerated, reflecting easing global manufacturing activity. Japan's economy also saw annualized growth of 0.8% due to bad weather and natural disasters. The GDP rate of Russia slowed down to 0.8% in 2018. At a growth rate of 1.2%, South Africa's economic expansion would still be above the 0.8% level at which the economy expanded in 2018. The Middle East economy growth looks uncertain with the cut in oil production in compliance with OPEC+ deal and geopolitical risks will continue to cap the growth.

The Tata Motors Group registered a growth of 3.3% in income from operations to '3,01,938 crores in FY 2018-19 as compared to '2,92,341 crores in FY 2017-18. This was due to better sales volume in the business in India and due to favorable translation impact from Great Britain Pound ('GB') to Indian Rupee (T) of '14,517 crores. Earnings before other income, interest and tax, were Rs 3,774 crores in FY 2018-19 compared to Rs 11,788 crores in FY 2017-18. The decrease was primarily driven by the performance of Jaguar Land Rover business, including higher depreciation and amortization and fixed marketing expenses / selling costs. The Company's net loss (attributable to shareholders of the Company) was Rs 28,826 crores in FY 2018-19 as compared to a profit of Rs 8,989 crores in FY 2017-18. In FY 2018-19, the Company has taken an impairment charge of Rs 27,838 crores for Jaguar Land Rover, due to weak sales and profitability change in the market conditions, especially in China and technology disruptions.

Tata Motors Limited recorded revenue from operations (including joint operations) of Rs 69,203 crores in FY 2018-19, 17.9% higher from Rs 58,690 crores in FY 2017-18. Growth in demand of Medium and Heavy Commercial Vehicle ('M&HCV') and Light Commercial Vehicle ('LCV'), new product offerings in passenger cars and Utility Vehicles ('UV'), resulted in increase in EBITDA margins to 7.4% in FY 2018-19 as against 4.1% in FY 2017-18. Profit Before and After Tax (including joint operations) for FY 2018-19 were at Rs 2,399 crores and Rs 2,021 crores, respectively as compared to Loss Before and After Tax (including joint operations) of Rs 947 crores and Rs 1,035 crores respectively for FY 2017-18.

Jaguar Land Rover ('JLR'), (as per IFRS) recorded revenue of GB24.2 billion in FY 2018-19 compared to GB25.8 billion in FY 2017-18, down by 6.2% broadly in line with the decline in wholesales (excluding CJLR) which were down 6.9% primarily as a result of the challenging conditions in China.

Consolidated EBITDA for FY 2018-19 was GB2.0 billion, lower compared GB2.8 billion for FY 2017-18, as a result of the lower wholesales, higher incentive and warranty costs, partially offset by Project Charge cost efficiencies and favourable realised foreign exchange movements. The Loss Before Interest and Tax ('EBIT') was GB(180) million in FY 2018-19 compared to EBIT of GB971 million in FY 2017-18, due to the lower EBITDA, higher depreciation and amortisation and lower profits from the China joint venture.

The Loss Before Tax excluding exceptional items in FY 2018-19 was GB(358) million compared to Profit Before Tax excluding exceptional items of GB1.1 billion in FY 2017-18, primarily reflecting the lower EBIT, higher interest costs and unfavourable revaluation of hedges and foreign currency debt in FY 2018-19 compared to favourable revaluation in the prior year. Exceptional charges totalled 3.3 billion for FY 2018-19, including a 3.1 billion asset impairment in Q3 and a further 149 million for employee separation charges in Q4.

Free cash flow was negative 1.3 billion for FY19 (including 1.4 billion positive free cash flow in Q4) after lower investment of 3.8 billion and 403 million of working capital inflows. As at 31 March 2019, JLR had 3.8 billion of cash and a 1.9 billion undrawn credit facility resulting in 5.7 billion of total liquidity.

TMF Holdings Limited ('TMFHL'), the Company's captive financing subsidiary, reported consolidated revenues of Rs 3,975 crores (FY 2017-18: Rs 2,908 crores) and Profit After Tax of Rs 164 crores in FY 2018-19 (FY 2017-18: Rs 76 crores).

Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company Limited, South Korea ('TDCV') (as per Korean GAAP), registered revenues of KRW 651.36 billion, a drop of 25.0% over FY 2017-18. The Loss After Tax was KRW 28.02 billion as compared to Profit After Tax of KRW 33.66 billion in FY 2017-18. Lower profitability was mainly due to lower sales and lower absorption of fixed costs partially offset by material cost reduction.

Vehicle Sales and Market Shares

The Tata Motors Group sales for the year stood at 12,74,072 vehicles, up by 4.3% as compared to FY 2017-18. Global sales of all Commercial Vehicles were 5,27,286 vehicles, while sales of Passenger Vehicles were at 7,46,786 vehicles.

Tata Motors

Tata Motors recorded sales of 6,79,288 vehicles, a growth of 16.2% over FY 2017-18, higher than the Indian Auto Industry grew by 5.9%. The Company's market share increased to 15.5% in FY 2018-19 from 14.1% in FY 2017-18. The Company's exports on standalone basis were marginally higher by 1.4% to 53,140 vehicles in FY 2018-19 as compared to 52,404 vehicles in FY 2017-18.

Commercial Vehicles ('CV')

The CV Industry started FY 2018-19 on a very strong note, which continued through first half before being impacted by the implementation of the increased Axle load norm. This resultant drop in demand along with increase in parc capacity, the liquidity crunch triggered by the NBFC crisis, coupled with other factors dampened the demand largely in second half. However, overall FY 2018-19 was a year of robust growth for the CV industry. Tata Motors CV Business sales in the domestic market for FY 201819, witnessed a robust growth of 17.2% with 4,68,788 units sold. The market share of Tata Motors for FY 2018-19 was 45.1%. All the four segments showed strong growth with three out of four segments inching up their market share.

Some of the highlights for the year were:

• M&HCV volumes grew by 12.3% in FY 2018-19. Several new products and variants across the Prima and Signa platforms were launched. These include LPT 1618 5L Turbotronn - the first 4 cylinder engine offering in M&HCV range, SIGNA 4923.T and 4823.T - India's first range of 16 wheeler trucks with 49T and 47.5T GVW, the entire range of Increased Axle Load range of products from 18.5T to 55T GVW across trucks, tractors and new range of Tippers: - 1913.T and 1918.T, 2818.T, 3518.T, 4223.T, 4623.S, 5523.S, 2823.TK/K, 1918K, 1923K. Tata Motors inched up its market share by 0.7% in this segment, with a growth for the first time after 10 years.

• ILCV volumes registered a strong growth of 23% in the FY 2018-19. Tata Motors reinforced its position through the introduction of the Ultra 1518.T, Ultra 1412, Ultra T.7 with smaller cabin design suitable for intercity operations in domestic and international markets. In addition the launch of LPT407/27 FE, LPT 1412SLP, LPT 1212CRX, LPT1512 CRX, SFC 909, LPT 909/49 CNG and India's first 13.8T CNG vehicle LPT1412 CNG in the regular ICV range helped Tata Motors establish itself as No. 1 in ICVs sub-segment. Tata Motors also launched specialized e-commerce containers range with advanced features like surveillance cameras, OTP based Lock, Load sensors etc. in the year. Tata Motors market share in the segment was up by 0.5% compared to FY 2017-18.

• SCV & Pickup Volumes grew by 23.9% in FY 2018-19. The launch of Tata Ace Gold with the legendary facia, popular among the target customer group added to the Company's strength in the Ace family. The market share was up by 0.7% compared to FY 2017-18.

• Volumes in the CV passenger segment grew by 3.5% in FY 2018-19. The introduction of 15 seater and 12 seater Winger helped to cater to the ever increasing tour and travel segment. The year also saw introduction of 1623, a 230 HP 12 meter bus, typically used for intercity coaches. In addition EGR vehicles on the 1515 range and 1212, a bus meant to cater to the higher seating capacity rugged application, very prevalent in the country today were launched. On the other end of the spectrum, 407 on the smaller wheel base (2900 WB) was introduced as a perfect fit to intra-city congested roads for both school and staff applications.

• Reiterating its commitment to greener fuel options, the Company started delivery of electric buses to various State Transport Units.

• The Company significantly improved the ability to provide customers with end-to-end support and comfort through enhancing value added services under a umbrella brand of "Sampoorna Seva". The key elements include 6 Year 6 lakh km warranty on the entire range of M&HCVs, Tata Alert breakdown assistance service available across 3 million kilometers of Indian roads and Tata Delight Loyalty Program.

• Non-vehicle business revenue for CVBU from spares, prolife and aggregates increased by 21.6% in FY 2018-19. Tata Motors Genuine Oil ('TMGO') launched last year reached 17,000 KL of sale helping to bring down the Total Cost of Ownership for its customers.

Passenger Vehicles ('PV')

The domestic PV Industry grew by 2.8% during FY 2018-19 registering a volume of 3.35 million vehicles. Barring the first quarter, industry de-grew consecutively for three quarters. Overall, the Industry performance was affected by delay in availability of retail finance, higher interest rate, higher acquisition price because of requirement of buying three year insurance at the time of purchase, negative sentiment in market and postponement of purchase decisions. As a result, the retail sales was far below expectations. This led to higher stock at dealerships and dealers faced the challenge of the working capital rotation.

The festival seasons during the year did not give the expected impetus. The beginning of the festive season was washed out due to unprecedented floods in Kerala. During Navaratri and Diwali, the market was expected to bounce back and infuse positive energy into the system. But just before this festive season the liquidity was severely impacted because of NBFC crisis. The festive season reported a 14% de-growth, one of the worst festive sales performance in the recent past.

Whilst market situation remained challenging throughout the year, Tata Motors PV business outperformed the market. The Company registered a 13.9% overall growth in FY 2018-19 with a total volume of 2,10,500 units. The market share for the year was 6.3%, an improvement of 60 basis points from FY 2017-18. The growth rate 13.9% for the Company is ahead of the industry. This is the highest unit sales and market share over the last 5 years.

Tiago registered a growth of 17% in its 3rd year of market presence with 2,00,000 + customers. Nexon was awarded with 5 star safety rating by GNCAP, the only car in India with 5 star safety rating, and established itself as the second most selling SUV with annual sales of over 55,000 units.

To counter the market slowdown, the Company did four critical product interventions within 51 days in festival season, namely, Tiago NRG, Nexon KRAZ, Tigor Refresh and Tiago/Tigor JTP range of products. These interventions helped to attract additional set of customers and continue the market buzz. On January 23, 2019, the Tata Harrier was launched and the initial response from customers is overwhelming.

Customer satisfaction remained as the centre of business. The Company ranked a clear 2nd in JD Power customer satisfaction survey. In FY 2017-18, the Company shared the 2nd rank with Maruti Suzuki. Non-vehicular business revenue improved 15% over last financial year. The Net Promoter Score of PV business significantly improved from a negative score of 13 in FY 2014-15 to a positive score of 18 in FY 2018-19 signifying improvement in brand perception. This helped the Company to gain pricing power across models and exercise pricing leadership.

Exports

The Company exported 53,140 vehicles (FY 2017-18: 52,404 vehicles).

Export of CV marginally increased by 2% in FY 2018-19 with 51,119 units compared to 50,106 units in FY 2017-18. New regulations and political uncertainty in Sri Lanka, and slump in Middle East, impacted industry volumes in these markets. However, our market share in both these markets improved for commercial vehicles. Market share in most of the focused markets, either improved or have been strong and the Company successfully bagged several prestigious orders.

Export of PV stood at 2,021 units compared to 2,298 units in FY 2017-18. Two large markets remain non-operational - Sri Lanka due to high import duties, tight retail financing and South Africa due to the closure of the distribution channel. Launch of new models in Nepal and Bangladesh helped the Company to achieve rank No. 4 and No. 3 in the respective markets.

JLR

Retail sales were 5,78,915 vehicles in FY 2018-19, down 5.8% year on year, primarily reflecting weaker market conditions in China which was partially offset by strong growth in the UK and North America.

The introduction of new and refreshed models led by the Jaguar E-PACE, award winning I-PACE, Range Rover Velar and the refreshed Range Rover and Range Rover Sport were offset by lower sales of more established models, mainly in China, and the run-out of the first generation Range Rover Evoque in the third quarter with sales of the new Evoque beginning to ramp up through the fourth quarter. By region, sales were up strongly in the UK by 8.4% and in North America by 8.1% and retails were also higher in Overseas markets by 2.4%. Retails sales in Europe declined 4.5% year on year on account of continuing diesel uncertainty, Brexit and the change to more stringent World Harmonised Light Vehicle Testing Procedure ('WLTP') emissions testing regime. Retail sales in China (including sales from the joint venture) were down 34.1% year on year due to trade tensions with the US, slowing economic growth and uncertainty driven by import duty changes effective from July 2018, inventory reduction and corrective actions in China.

The total wholesale volumes (excluding sales from the China Joint Venture) at 5,07,895 units were down 6.9% as compared to the 5,45,298 units in FY 2017-18, generally reflecting the trends seen in the retail sales above.

Some of the key highlights of FY 2018-19 were:

• JLR's first battery electric vehicle, the Jaguar I-PACE went on sale in June 2018 (2019 World Car of the Year, 2019 World Car Design of the Year, 2019 World Green Car, 2019 European Car of the Year).

• E-Pace launched and on sale from the China joint venture in September 2018.

• All new Range Rover Evoque with hybrid options went on sale in Q4.

• Refreshed Jaguar XE launched in Q4 with exterior updates and significantly improved infotainment.

• Announced the reveal of the All New Land Rover Defender for later in 2019.

• Project Charge announced to deliver 2.5 billion of cost, cash and profit improvements by the end of FY 2020; and Project Accelerate announced to support long term sustainable profitable growth.

• Manufacturing plant in the city of Nitra in Slovakia commenced production of the Land Rover Discovery in October 2018.

• Land Rover celebrated it's 70 year anniversary.

• JLR completed it's first self-driving journey as part of autonomous driving trials with the UK Autodrive project in Q2.

• Announced 6 cylinder Ingenium 3.0 litre petrol engine to be manufactured at the Engine Manufacturing Centre in Wolverhampton, UK to be introduced in Range Rover Sport.

• Announced the production of next-generation Electric Drive Units ('EDU') at the Engine Manufacturing Centre in Wolverhampton later this year.

• Announced that the batteries to power the EDU's will be assembled at a new Battery Assembly Centre located at North Warwickshire in the UK.

TDCV

During FY 2018-19 sold 6,672 commercial vehicles, lower by 24.8% over FY 2017-18, mainly due to decrease in sales in domestic sales. TDCV sold 4,371 commercial vehicles in the domestic market lower by 36.3% as compared to sales in FY 2017-18, primarily due to lower industry volumes and aggressive discounting and marketing strategies primarily driven by the imported brands. The market share for both HCV and MCV segments put together was 21.1% as compared to 26.5% in FY 2017-18. However, TDCV could increase its export sales to 2,301 commercial vehicles, 14.4% higher compared to 2,011 commercial vehicles in FY 2017-18.

TMFHL

It is the vehicle financing arm under the brand "TMF Holdings Limited". TMFHL's disbursements (including refinance) increased by 42.8% at Rs 21,993 crores in FY 2018-19 as compared to Rs 15,406 crores in FY 2017-18. New Vehicle disbursements are done through its subsidiary Tata Motors Finance Ltd ('TMFL'). TMFL financed 2,16,015 vehicles reflecting an increase of 23.3% over 1,75,128 vehicles financed in FY 2017-18. Disbursements for CV increased by 39.6% and were at Rs 15,978 crores (142,187 units) as compared to Rs 11,448 crores (115,689 units) in FY 2017-18 mainly due to gain in market share (28.3% in FY 2018-19 vs. 26.1% in FY 2017-18). Disbursements of PV increased by 28.5% to Rs 3,013 crores (46,500 units) from a level of Rs 2,345 crores (42,619 units). Used Vehicle disbursements done through Tata Motors Finance Solutions Limited ('TMFSL'), a 100% Subsidiary of TMFHL were at Rs 3,002 crores (27,328 vehicles) as compared to Rs 1,614 crores (16,820 vehicles) during FY 2017-18.

Tata Motors (Thailand) Limited ('TMTL')

TMTL wholesales in FY 2018-19 was 633 units as compared to 682 units in FY 2017-18. The Thai Commercial Automobile Industry has witnessed a growth of 22% in FY 2018-19 compared to 14% growth in the year before, however as part of ongoing review, TMTL have undertaken a reassessment of its business model in Thailand to ensure it is sustainable over the long term. As a part of the restructuring, the Company has ceased the current manufacturing operations in the financial year and are in the process of scaling down the operations including reduction of manpower. The Company shall address the Thailand market with a revamped product portfolio, suitable to local market needs, delivered through a CBU distribution model. TMTL bagged a prestigious order from Royal Thai Army to supply 614 units of the 1.25 ton Tata Truck.

FINANCE

During the year, the free cash flows for Tata Motors Group were negative Rs 16,346 crores (FY 2017-18: negative Rs 11,191 crores), post spend on capex, design and development of Rs 35,236 crores. Tata Motors Group's borrowing as at March 31, 2019 stood at Rs 106,175 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 88,951 crores). Cash and bank balances and investments in mutual funds stood at Rs 42,086 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 48,974 crores). The consolidated net automotive debt to equity ratio stood at 0.47 as at March 31, 2019, as compared to 0.15 as at March 31, 2018.

Free cash flows were Rs 1,539 crores (FY 2017-18: Rs 1,339 crores) standalone basis with joint operations of the Company. Spend on capex, design and development were Rs 4,753 crores (net). The borrowings of the Company as on March 31, 2019 stood at Rs 18,640 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 18,464 crores). Cash and bank balances including mutual funds stood at Rs 2,981 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 2,312 crores). Additionally, the Company has undrawn committed lines of Rs 1,500 crores.

During FY 2018-19, the Company raised unsecured term loans amounting to Rs 1,500 crores from Banks for general corporate purpose.

The Company successfully completed liability management exercise by part refinancing of US$ 500 million notes due for repayment on April 30, 2020. The Company raised ECB of US$ 237.468 million maturing in June 2025 which was used to repay the bonds through the tendering process.

Deposits: The Company has not accepted any public deposits during FY 2018-19. There were no over dues on account of principal or interest on public deposits other than the unclaimed deposits as at the end of FY 2018-19 which is Rs 7.30 crores (Previous year Rs 10.80 crores).

At JLR, post spend on capital expenditure, design and development of GB3,373 million ('30,325 crores) [FY 2017-18: GB4,186 million ('35,776 crores)] the free cash flows were negative GB1,267 million ('9,962 crores) for FY 2018-19. The borrowings of JLR as on March 31, 2019, stood at GB4,511 million ('40,829 crores) [as at March 31, 2018: GB3,731 million ('34,238 crores)]. Cash and financial deposits stood at GB3,775 million ('34,168 crores) [as at March 31, 2018: GB4,657 million ('42,977 crores)]. Additionally, JLR has undrawn committed long term bank lines of GB1,935 million (JLR data as per IFRS).

During FY 2018-19, JLR issued €500 million senior notes due in 2026 at a coupon of 4.50% per annum. JLR also raised US$ 1,000 million through syndicated loan. The proceeds were for general corporate purposes, including support for JLR's ongoing growth and capital spending requirements.

At TMFHL and its subsidiaries, the borrowings as on March 31, 2019 stood at Rs 37,814 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 27,470 crores). Cash and bank balances and investments in mutual funds stood at Rs 2,119 crores (as at March 31, 2018: Rs 1,206 crores). TMFHL and its subsidiaries, raised Rs 2,066 crores by issuing NCDs. Bank borrowings through secured term loans continued to be a major source of funds for long-term borrowing and raised Rs 6,306 crores during FY 2018-19. TMFL has also done securitization of Rs 3,862 crores in FY 2018-19.

Tata Motors Group has undertaken and will continue to implement suitable steps for raising long term resources to match fund requirements and to optimise its loan maturity profile.

Credit Rating : During FY 2018-19, the Company's rating for foreign currency borrowings was downgraded to "Ba2" / Negative by Moody's and to "B+" / Watch Negative by Standard & Poor's. For borrowings in the local currency, Non-Convertible debentures and long term bank facilities i.e. (Buyers Credit and Revolving Credit Facility), the ratings were downgraded by CARE to "AA" / Stable and the ratings were retained with a change in outlook by CRISIL at "AA / Negative and by ICRA at "AA / Negative". During the year, JLR's rating was downgraded by Moody's at "Ba3" / Negative and by Standard & Poor's at "B+" / Watch Negative on account of weak performance and challenging external environment at JLR.

During FY 2018-19, for TMFHL and its subsidiaries, CRISIL and ICRA has maintained its rating and changed its outlook on longterm debt instruments and long term bank facilities to "AA / Negative". Further CARE has changed the ratings on long term debt and long term bank facilities to CARE AA / Stable.

Material Changes and Commitment Affecting the Financial Position

There are no material changes affecting the financial position of the Company subsequent to the close of the FY 2018-19 till the date of this report.

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENT

The consolidated financial statement of the Company and its subsidiaries for FY 2018-19 are prepared in compliance with the applicable provisions of the Act and as stipulated under Regulation 33 of the SEBI Listing Regulations as well as in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015. The audited consolidated financial statement (condensed) together with the Auditor's Report thereon form part of this Annual Report. Pursuant to Section 129(3) of the Act, a statement containing the salient features of the Financial Statement of the subsidiary companies is attached to the Financial Statement in Form AOC-1. Pursuant to the provisions of Section 136 of the Act, the Company will make available the said financial statement of the subsidiary companies upon a request by any member of the Company or its subsidiary companies. These financial statements of the Company and the subsidiary companies will also be kept open for inspection by any member at the Registered Office of the Company and would be available on the Company's website URL: https://www.tatamotors.com/ investors/annual-reports/.

SUBSIDIARY, JOINT ARRANGEMENTS AND ASSOCIATE COMPANIES

The Company has 99 subsidiaries (12 direct and 87 indirect), 10 associate companies, 3 joint ventures and 2 joint operations as at March 31, 2019, as disclosed in the accounts.

During FY 2018-19, the following changes have taken place in subsidiary / associates / joint venture companies:

Name of the companies which have become subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures during the year:

Subsidiaries

• Spark44 Taiwan Limited (Taiwan) was incorporated with effect from May 7, 2018.

• Spark44 Colombia S.A.S. (Colombia) was incorporated with effect from May 10, 2018.

• Jaguar Land Rover Classic USA LLC was incorporated with effect from June 1, 2018 (dormant).

• Jaguar Land Rover Hungary KFT was incorporated with effect from July 30, 2018.

• Jaguar Land Rover Classic Deutschland GmbH was incorporated with effect from August 10, 2018.

• InMotion Ventures 4 Limited was incorporated with effect from January 4, 2019.

Associates

• Tata Toyo Radiator Limited was converted from a joint venture to subsidiary company with effect from July 1, 2018.

• Loginomic Tech Solutions Private Limited ('TruckEasy') stake acquired with effect from July 10, 2018.

• Automotive Skill Training Pvt. Ltd. converted into Private Limited Company from Section 25 Company with effect from December 10, 2018 (formerly Automotive Skills Training Foundation)

• TitanX Engine Cooling, Poland incorporated with effect from April 25, 2018.

Name of the companies which have ceased to be subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures during the year:

Subsidiaries

• TML Drivelines Limited merged with the Company with effect from April 30, 2018 and consequently Authorised Share Capital of the Company increased from Rs 3,900 crores to Rs 4,000 crores.

• The Jaguar Collection Limited (dormant) dissolved with effect from June 19, 2018.

• Entire shareholding in TAL Manufacturing Solutions Limited ('TAL') sold to Tata Advanced Systems Limited with effect from March 29, 2019 after acquisition of the non-aerospace business from TAL.

Associates

• Serviplem S.A.U. liquidated with effect from February 6, 2019. Restructuring

• Shareholding in Tata Technologies Limited ('TTL') decreased from 72.29% to 72.28% on account of further allotment of 6,188 shares with effect from April 20, 2018.

• Shareholding in Tata Motors (Thailand) Limited increased from 95.49% to 95.81% on account of further allotment of 2,500,000 shares to TML Holdings Pte. Ltd. with effect from April 2, 2018 and from 95.81% to 95.87% on account of further allotment of 548,000 shares to TML Holdings Pte. Ltd. with effect from November 22, 2018.

• Shareholding in Trilix S.r.l. increased from 80% to 100% with effect from December 6, 2018.

Transfer of Defense Undertaking to Tata Advanced Systems Limited: The Company proposes to transfer the value added segment of Defence vehicles business and specialized Defence projects (excluding FICV) ('Defense Undertaking') pursuant to a Scheme of Arrangement as a going concern on a slump sale basis to Tata Advanced Systems Limited ('TASL'), a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Sons Private Limited, at an enterprise value of Rs 209.27 crores arrived at using the Net Asset Value Method. The total consideration receivable from the said transfer has been negotiated for an upfront consideration of Rs 100 crores (to be adjusted for design and development spent and changes in working capital) plus a future consideration of 3% of the revenue generated from identified Specialized Defence Projects for upto 15 years from the financial year ended FY 2020 subject to a maximum of Rs 1,750 crores. Your Company has received No Objection from the Stock Exchanges, SEBI and the Competition Commission of India for the said transfer and requisite approvals from the Company's shareholders, National Company Law Tribunal ('NCLT'), the Ministry of Defence and other statutory authorities are under process.

The Company has adopted a Policy for determining Material Subsidiaries which has been amended during the year in line with Regulation 16 of the SEBI Listing Regulations. The Policy, as approved by the Board, is available on the Company's website URL: https://investors.tatamotors.com/pdf/material.pdf .

Other than the above, there has been no material change in the nature of the business of the subsidiary companies.

RISK MANAGEMENT

The Board takes responsibility for the overall process of risk management throughout the organization. Through an Enterprise Risk Management programme, the Company's business units and corporate functions address risks through an institutionalized approach aligned to the Company's objective. This is facilitated by internal audit. The Business risk is managed through crossfunctional involvement and communication across businesses. The result of the risk assessment are presented to the senior management. The Risk Management Committee reviews business risk areas covering the top operational, financial, strategic and regulatory risks.

INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND ADEQUACY

The Board has adopted policies and procedures for governance of orderly and efficient conduct of its business, including adherence to the Company's policies, safeguarding its assets, prevention and detection of frauds and errors, accuracy and completeness of the accounting records and timely preparation of reliable financial disclosures. The Company's internal control systems commensurate with the nature of its business, the size and complexity of its operations.

The Company has an independent in-house Internal Audit ('IA') department that functionally reports to the Chairman of the Audit Committee, thereby maintaining its objectivity. Remediation of deficiencies by the IA department has resulted in a robust framework for internal controls. These are detailed in the Management Discussion and Analysis Report, which forms part of this Report.

HUMAN RESOURCES

The Tata Motors Group employed 82,797 permanent employees as of FY 2018-19 (FY 2017-18: 81,090 employees). The Company employed 27,572 permanent employees as of FY 2018-19 (FY 2017-18: 24,989 employees).

The Company has labour unions for operative / worker grade employees at all its plants across India, except the Dharwad Plant. The Company has generally enjoyed cordial relations with its employees and unions at its factories and offices and have received unions' support in the Company's implementation of reforms that impact safety, quality, cost and productivity improvements across all locations. Employee wages are being paid in accordance with wage agreements that have varying terms (typically three to four years) at different locations.

In line with the Company's philosophy of continuously harnessing employee potential and developing them to become more capable professionals and future leaders, in FY 2018-19 we have partnered with Symbiosis International (Deemed University) and launched a 2 year Management Program ('EPGDBM') with curriculum around operations, finance, people management, supply chain & marketing and 90 employees joined in the 1st batch. To enable comprehensive development of white collar workforce, the Company has created 4 Learning Academies - Commercial Excellence, Management Development, Operations Excellence, and Product Leadership. During FY 2018-19, 8443 permanent white collar employees were trained under these academies on various functional and managerial aspects. To develop its blue collar workforce, the Company trained 11,721 employees in technician's skill development, quality management and productivity improvement.

Inclusion and Diversity

The Company believes that with diversity and inclusion at workplace, it can leverage the multiplicity of skillsets in all its operations. The Company has established policies and a supportive work environment, especially for its women employees and for employees from different backgrounds, age-groups and ethnicities as well.

The Company also endorses the initiative from Tata Group - Second Career Initiative Program ('SCIP') to offer an opportunity to returning mothers who would like to restart their professional careers. Rs GearUp' initiative for mid-level women managers is designed to provide management development inputs focussed on leadership skills to make them ready as future leaders. Company's Human Resource ('HR') policy framework, including maternity leave policy, sabbatical and half-day-half-pay policy and flexible timings, helps employees to establish a work-life balance. The company employed 3.5% permanent women employees as of FY 2018-19. (FY 2017-18: 3.3%).

Prevention of Sexual Harassment

The Company has zero tolerance for sexual harassment at workplace and has adopted a Policy on Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal of sexual harassment at workplace in line with the provisions of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 and the Rules thereunder. Internal Complaints Committee ('ICC') is in place for all works and offices of the Company to redress complaints received regarding sexual harassment. All women associates (permanent, temporary, contractual and trainees) as well as any women visiting the Company's office premises or women service providers are covered under this Policy.

During FY 2018-19, the Company had received 11 complaints on sexual harassments, 10 of which have been substantiated and appropriate actions taken. The remaining 1 complaint was received during mid March and is being investigated. There were no complaints pending for more than 90 days. The Company organized 103 workshops or awareness programs against sexual harassment.

Tata Motors Limited Employees Stock Option Scheme

In order to ring fence and incentivize key talent, for driving long term objectives of the Company and ensuring that employee payoffs match the tong gestation period of certain key initiatives whilst simultaneously fostering ownership behavior and collaboration amongst employees, the Tata Motors Limited Employees Stock Option Scheme 2018 ('TML ESOP Scheme 2018' / 'the Scheme') was implemented during the year. Based on the approval of the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting held on August 3, 2018, aggregate 78,12,427 number of Options were granted to the Eligible Employees during the year under the Scheme.

During the financial year 2018-19, there has been no change in the Scheme. There were no ESOP that vested or any shares issued on vesting during the year. The Scheme is in compliance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014. Appropriate disclosures prescribed under the said Regulations with regard to the Scheme are available on the Company's website URL: https://www.tatamotors.com/ investors/ESOP/

PARTICULARS OF EMPLOYEES

Disclosure pertaining to remuneration and other details as required under Section 197(12) of the Act read with Rule 5(1) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014 is annexed to the Report as Annexure - 1.

Statement containing particulars of top 10 employees and the employees drawing remuneration in excess of limits prescribed under Section 197 (12) of the Act read with Rule 5(2) and (3) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014 is provided in the Annexure forming part of this report. In terms of proviso to Section 136(1) of the Act, the Report and Accounts are being sent to the shareholders excluding the aforesaid Annexure. The said Statement is also open for inspection at the Registered Office of the Company. Any member interested in obtaining a copy of the same may write to the Company Secretary. None of the employees listed in the said Annexure are related to any Director of the Company.

BUSINESS RESPONSIBILITY REPORT

Pursuant to Regulation 34(2)(f) of the SEBI Listing Regulations, the Business Responsibility Report (BRR) on initiatives taken from an environmental, social and governance perspective, in the prescribed format is available as a separate section of the Annual Report and is also available on the Company's website URL: https:// www.tatamotors.com/investors/business-responsibility-report/

SAFETY & HEALTH - PERFORMANCE & INITIATIVES

Tata Motors has been in a Safety Excellence journey since 7 years. With very high level engagement in Safety, the Organization has taken huge strides to improve Safety Organization Structure and build strong safety systems with a vision of achieving 'Zero Injury at Workplace'.

For FY 2018-19 Tata Motors, including its subsidiaries, achieved the Safety Performance Target with Total Recordable Case Frequency Rate ('TRCFR') being 0.80 against the target of 1.01. For Indian Operations also, Tata Motors Safety Performance was well within targets with Total Recordable Case Frequency Rate ('TRCFR') being 0.60 against the target of 0.89. Unfortunately 3 fatalities were recorded - one each at a manufacturing location, workshop ('DTC') and a road incident. Robust incident investigation has been carried out for all 3 incidents and horizontal deployment of recommendations has been completed.

As a part of our robust governance mechanism, the Company has dedicated committees and various functional teams to ensure safety and implementation of our safety standards. Safety, Health and Sustainability ('SHS') committee of Board reviews the Company's safety performance every quarter. Plant level sub-committees for safety are formed, who functionally, report to corporate level sub-committees. The reviews happen at multi levels - factory level by Factory Implementation committee, plant level Apex committee or sub-committee, the SHS council and finally by the SHS committee. For non plant and services areas, focussed monthly reviews happen at regional offices and with Customer Service teams. Similar mechanism is also in place at workshop, warehouses and even at office locations.

Training and awareness across organisation continues to be considered as a key element of Safety Strategy. Aspects such as Safety Management Fundamentals, Incident Investigations, Contractor Safety Management, Actions Employees Can Take ('AECT') etc. are considered in training programmes for key leaders, 500+ internal trainers, new joinees in induction progammes as also refreshers to existing employees.

The Company continued Campaign 'i-drive safe' - an initiative on building a safe driving culture amongst its employee and associates and have trained them in Defensive Driving. Road Safety Month campaign was observed in February 2019 with the theme 'Road Safety is Life Safety' which included Road Safety Celebrations conducted in all location including all Plants, Offices, Dealerships, Warehouses and Vendors.

SUSTAINABILITY

The manufacturing plants across the Country are certified to ISO 14001:2015 - Environment Management Systems and OHSAS 18001 - Occupational Health & Safety Management System. All 7 plants are certified for Food Safety Management System ISO 22000:2005. The CV manufacturing plants of the Company across India are certified to ISO 50001 - Energy Management System. Guided by its Environmental Policy, Climate Change Policy and Environmental Procurement Policy, the Company is focused on minimising the environmental impact of its products, processes and services throughout the life-cycle. Manufacturing Plants track energy and environmental performance in a periodic and structured manner at Head-Operations level. The Company actively benchmarks its energy and environmental performance between our own Plants as well as peers and adopts best practices across Plant locations for maximum impact. All the Company's sites have obtained CII-GreenCo Rating, and 2 Plants have achieved Platinum rating in FY 2018-19.

The Company continued to drive a number of initiatives to reduce its environmental footprint in FY 2018-19. Our GreenHouse Gas (GHG) mitigation approach includes driving Energy Conservation in manufacturing operations and generation / procurement of renewable energy. The Company consumed 94.2 million units of renewable electricity in its operations (16.1 % of total power consumption), compared to 99.38 million units in FY 201718 (20.76% of total power consumption). The proportion of renewable power in previous financial year was greater due to allocation of wind power arrears. RE capacity was enhanced by 2MWp Roof-top Solar PV Project at Lucknow and Pimpri Pune Plants and 0.5MW at Chinchwad Pune in FY 2018-19, which will help offset GHG emissions in the FY 2019-20. Taking this further, the Company has signed a Power Purchase Agreement ('PPA') with Tata Power Renewable Energy Ltd. ('TPREL') for setting up an additional 7 MWp capacity of roof and ground mounted solar photovoltaic ('PV') installations across Jamshedpur, Pantnagar and Dharwad Plants.

The Company monitors water sourcing practices at its manufacturing Plants and continued to work on lowering water consumption through water conservation in operations, re-cycling treated effluent for re-use in process and harvesting rainwater. A total of 9,77,656 m3 of water was conserved through these efforts in FY 2018-19, which is 13.8% of total water consumption as compared to 17.3% in FY 2017-18.

Hazardous wastes are disposed in accordance with authorizations issued by the Authorities in the States we operate. These include destruction of hazardous waste at cost by landfilling and incineration at Approved Common Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities; energy and material recovery from hazardous wastes through co-processing in cement plants; and material conversion through approved re-cyclers for hazardous wastes such as spent thinner, paint sludge and sealant.

The Company commenced an initiative across Plants in FY 201819 called "Value from Hazardous Waste", aimed at diverting hazardous waste from landfill / incineration at approved sites and instead derive value from the same. This initiative aims to ultimately achieve 'Zero Waste to Landfill' status from manufacturing operations. The quantum of hazardous waste diverted from landfill / incineration was higher by 15.5% over FY 2017-18. However, due to higher waste generation on the back of higher volumes, hazardous waste sent for disposal to Common Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities also increased by 41.2%.

The Company has also initiated actions to minimise the consumption of flexible plastic packaging in its operations. While plastic packaging used for dispatch of auto parts between Plants and to Warehouses has been significantly reduced, work is ongoing on plastic packaging used by our Suppliers. This is being done by elimination of plastic packaging where feasible and converting expendable (single-use) plastic packaging to returnable (multiple- use) packaging.

On Sustainability, we continued implementation of sustainable supply chain initiatives during FY 2018-19. 115 suppliers have been trained and provided handholding to improve sustainability performance and assessed towards sustainability expectations.

Circular economy, natural capital evaluation of key dependencies, design for environment, biodiversity assessment, life cycle assessment of products, climate adaptation study were some of the other initiatives the Company has taken in sustaining its business and planet.

JLR continues to drive health and safety through Destination Zero - A Journey to Zero Harm. The ambition is reflected in the JLR commitment with the key statement being "Our most valuable asset is our people, nothing is more important than their safety and wellbeing. Our co-workers and families rely on this commitment. There can be no compromise". The concept of Destination Zero Harm enables the consistent message on safety to continue to be highly visible in the business.

The development of focused plans has ensured that each functional area, aligned at Board level, has a specific 'Destination Zero' Harm Plan. These have assisted each functional area to tailor their own plan of activities to lead improved safety and wellbeing within their own area of responsibility, sponsored from the most senior level functionally.

To support the wider ambition of zero harm as well as focusing on incidents, JLR also continued to mature the approach to wellbeing activities with a focus on mental health and the continuation of programmes designed to support open discussions on matters of mental health, as well as other support interventions to assist in improved wellbeing, both in mental and physical health.

Performance on Lost Time Injuries ('LTI') remained relatively stable, especially within manufacturing. Many locations within the sites celebrated sustained zero lost time injuries. The performance on safety was assisted in part through various activities taken during the year, such as improving quality of safety behavioural observations, introduction of revised internal audit programme called SHARP, effective implementation of existing safety management programs, safety and wellbeing weeks, robust safety training, leadership training and driving assessments etc.

The business has gone through OHSAS 18001 - surveillance visits in 2018-19, within all the UK locations and maintained its accreditation to this standard through a series of external assessments. It has now started the cycle of assessments to migrate to the new International Standard ISO 45001 with accreditation to ISO 45001 expected at the end of the assessment period in 2019-20.

TDCV's Safety Index continued to improve from 1.24 to 0.52 in FY 2018-19. TDCV has implemented reinforced High-risk Control Program [LockOut Energy Control ('LOEC'), Pedestrian and InPlant Vehicle ('PIV') and Confined Space entry] and operated the standing committee (PIV Committees and LOEC Committee) from 2018. In addition, TDCV has assigned emergency medical technicians ('EMTs') to designated places and conducted training sessions for all the employees to ensure a prompt response to any emergency situations within the company.

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

The brief outline of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Policy of the Company and the initiatives undertaken by the Company on CSR activities during the year in the format prescribed in the Companies (CSR Policy) Rules, 2014 are set out in Annexure - 2 of this Report. The Policy is available on Company's website at URL: https://investors.tatamotors.com/pdf/csr-policy.pdf.

CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION & FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNING AND OUTGO

The information on conservation of energy, technology absorption and foreign exchange earnings and outgo stipulated under Section 134(3)(m) of the Act, read along with Rule 8 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, is annexed herewith as Annexure - 3.

EXTRACT OF ANNUAL RETURN

Pursuant to Sections 92 & 134(3) of the Act and Rule 12 of the Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014, the extract of Annual Return in Form MGT-9 is provided in Annexure -4 to this Report and is also available on the Company's website URL: https://www.tatamotors.com/investors/annual-return/.

DIRECTORS AND KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL

Re-appointment

In accordance with provisions of the Act and the Articles of Association of the Company, Mr N Chandrasekaran, Non-Executive Chairman (DIN:00121863) is liable to retire by rotation and is eligible for re-appointment.

The disclosures required pursuant to Regulation 36 of the SEBI Listing Regulations and Clause 1.2.5 of the Secretarial Standard are given in the Notice of AGM, forming part of the Annual Report.

Independent Directors

In terms of Section 149 of the Act and the SEBI Listing Regulations Mr Nasser Munjee, Mr Vinesh Kumar Jairath, Ms Falguni Nayar, Mr Om Prakash Bhatt and Ms Hanne Sorensen are the Independent Directors of the Company as on date.

All Independent Directors of the Company have given declarations under Section 149(7) of the Act, that they meet the criteria of independence as laid down under Section 149(6) of the Act and Regulation 16(1)(b) of the SEBI Listing Regulations. In terms of Regulations 25(8) of the Listing Regulations, the Independent Directors have confirmed that they are not aware of any circumstance or situation, which exists or may be reasonably anticipated, that could impair or impact their ability to discharge their duties with an objective independent judgement and without any external influence.

Mr Nasser Munjee, Mr Vinesh Kumar Jairath and Ms Falguni Nayar were appointed as Independent Directors at the 69th AGM of the Company held on July 31, 2014 for period of 5 years and are holding office till July 30, 2019. The Board hereby places on record its appreciation for their valuable contribution and guidance during their tenure as Independent Director.

Key Managerial Personnel

In terms of Section 203 of the Act, the Key Managerial Personnel (KMPs) of the Company during FY 2018-19 are:

• Mr Guenter Butschek, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director

• Mr Satish Borwankar, Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer

• Mr Pathamadai Balachandran BaLaji, Group Chief Financial Officer

• Mr Hoshang Sethna, Company Secretary

The tenure of Mr Satish Borwankar Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer of the Company ends on July 15, 2019. Mr Borwankar started his career with the Company in 1974 as a Graduate Engineer Trainee and has served in various operating functions like manufacturing, quality, vendor development and strategic sourcing, rising through the ranks to become its Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer. The Board of Directors hereby places on record its appreciation for the invaluable contributions made by Mr Borwankar during his tenure.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

At the Company, we ensure that we evolve and follow the corporate governance guidelines and best practices sincerely, to boost long-term shareholder value and to respect minority rights. The Company considers it an inherent responsibility to disclose timely and accurate information regarding its operations and performance, as well as the leadership and governance of the Company.

A separate section on Corporate Governance and the certificate from the Practicing Company Secretary confirming compliance of Corporate Governance norms as stipulated in Regulation 34 read along with Schedule V of the SEBI Listing Regulations, giving information pertaining to the Board and its Committees, transfers to IEPF authority etc. form part of this Report.

MEETINGS OF THE BOARD

During the year, the Board of Directors met 7 times. For details, please refer to the Corporate Governance Report, which forms part of this Annual Report.

COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD

The Committees of the Board focus on certain specific areas and make informed decisions in line with the delegated authority.

The following Committees constituted by the Board function according to their respective roles and defined scope:

• Audit Committee

• Nomination and Remuneration Committee

• Corporate Social Responsibility Committee

• Stakeholders, Relationship Committee

• Risk Management Committee

• Safety Health and Sustainability Committee

Details of composition, terms of reference and number of meetings held for respective committees are given in the Corporate Governance Report, which forms a part of this Report. Further, during the year under review, all recommendations made by the Audit Committee have been accepted by the Board.

BOARD EVALUATION

The annual evaluation process of the Board of Directors, individual Directors and Committees was conducted in accordance with the provision of the Act and the SEBI Listing Regulations.

The Board evaluated its performance after seeking inputs from all the directors on the basis of criteria such as the Board composition and structure, effectiveness of board processes, information and functioning, etc. The performance of the Committees was evaluated by the Board after seeking inputs from the committee members on the basis of criteria such as the composition of committees, effectiveness of committee meetings, etc. The above criteria are as provided in the Guidance Note on Board Evaluation issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

The Chairman of the Board had one-on-one meetings with the Independent Directors and the Chairman of NRC had one-on-one meetings with the Executive and Non-Executive, Non-Independent Directors. These meetings were intended to obtain Directors' inputs on effectiveness of the Board/Committee processes.

The Board and the NRC reviewed the performance of individual directors on the basis of criteria such as the contribution of the individual director to the board and committee meetings like preparedness on the issues to be discussed, meaningful and constructive contribution and inputs in meetings, etc.

In a separate meeting of independent directors, performance of NonIndependent Directors and the Board as a whole was evaluated. Additionally, they also evaluated the Chairman of the Board, taking into account the views of Executive and Non-Executive Directors in the aforesaid meeting. The above evaluations were then discussed in the Board meeting and performance evaluation of Independent Directors was done by the entire Board, excluding the Independent Director being evaluated.

FAMILIARISATION PROGRAMME FOR INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS

All Board members of the Company are afforded every opportunity to familiarize themselves with the Company, its management, its operations and above all, the Industry perspective and issues. They are made to interact with senior management personnel and proactively provided with relevant news, views and updates on the Company and sector. All the information/documents sought by them is/are also shared with them for enabling a good understanding of the Company, its various operations and the industry of which it is a part.

The details of the Familiarisation Programme for Independent Directors with the Company in respect of their roles, rights, responsibilities in the Company, nature of the industry in which Company operates, business model of the Company and related matters are available on the Company's website URL: https:// investors.tatamotors.com/pdf/familiarisation-programme- independent-directors.pdf.

POLICY ON DIRECTORS' APPOINTMENT AND REMUNERATION

The Company's policy on directors' appointment and remuneration and other matters provided in Section 178(3) of the Act (salient features) has been briefly disclosed hereunder and in the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this Report.

Selection and procedure for nomination and appointment of Directors

The Nomination and Remuneration Committee ('NRC') is responsible for developing competency requirements for the Board based on the industry and strategy of the Company. The Board composition analysis reflects in-depth understanding of the Company, including its strategies, environment, operations, financial condition and compliance requirements.

The NRC conducts a gap analysis to refresh the Board on a periodic basis, including each time a Director's appointment or reappointment is required. The NRC reviews and vets the profiles of potential candidates vis-a-vis the required competencies, undertakes due diligence and meeting potential candidates, prior to making recommendations of their nomination to the Board.

Criteria for determining qualifications, positive attributes and independence of a Director

In terms of the provisions of Section 178(3) of the Act, and Regulation 19 of the SEBI Listing Regulations, the NRC has formulated the criteria for determining qualifications, positive attributes and independence of Directors, the key features of which are as follows:

• Qualifications - The Board nomination process encourages diversity of thought, experience, knowledge, age and gender. It also ensures that the Board has an appropriate blend of functional and industry expertise.

• Positive Attributes - Apart from the duties of Directors as prescribed in the Act the Directors are expected to demonstrate high standards of ethical behavior, communication skills and independent judgment. The Directors are also expected to abide by the respective Code of Conduct as applicable to them.

• Independence - A Director will be considered independent if he / she meets the criteria laid down in Section 149(6) of the Act, the Rules framed thereunder and Regulation 16(1)(b) of the SEBI Listing Regulations.

The Directors affirm that the remuneration paid to Directors, KMPs and employees is as per the Remuneration Policy of the Company.

The said policy is also available on the Company's website URL: https://investors.tatamotors.com/pdf/directors-appointment- remuneration.pdf

VIGIL MECHANISM

The Company believes in the conduct of the affairs of its constituents in a fair and transparent manner by adopting the highest standards of professionalism, honesty, integrity and ethical behaviour. In line with the Tata Code of Conduct ('TCOC'), any actual or potential violation, howsoever insignificant or perceived as such, would be a matter of serious concern for the Company. The role of the employees in pointing out such violations of the TCOC cannot be undermined.

Pursuant to Section 177(9) of the Act and Regulation 4(2)(d) (iv) of the SEBI Listing Regulations, a Whistleblower Policy and Vigil Mechanism was established for directors, employees and stakeholders to report to the management instances of unethical behaviour, actual or suspected, fraud or violation of the Company's code of conduct or ethics policy. The Vigil Mechanism provides a mechanism for employees of the Company to approach the Chief Ethics Counsellor ('CEC')/Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Company for redressal. The Company has revised the Whistleblower Policy in accordance with amendments made to SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 2015.

It is affirmed that no personnel of the Company has been denied access to the Audit Committee. The policy of vigil mechanism is available on the Company's website at URL: https://investors . tatamotors.com/Ddf/whistle-blower-Dolicy.Ddf.

AUDIT

Statutory Audit

M/s B S R & Co. LLP, Chartered Accountants (ICAI Firm No. 101248W/W-100022), the Statutory Auditors of the Company, hold office until the conclusion of Seventy Seventh AGM to be held in the year 2022. Pursuant to Section 141 of the Act, the Auditors have represented that they are not disqualified and continue to be eligible to act as the Auditor of the Company.

The Report of the Statutory Auditor forming part of the Annual Report, does not contain any qualification, reservation, adverse remark or disclaimer. The observations made in the Auditor's Report are self-explanatory and therefore do not call for any further comments.

The Statutory Auditor of the Company has not reported any fraud as specified under the second proviso to Section 143(12) of the Act.

Branch Audit

Members' approval is being sought vide item No. 5 of the Notice, for authorizing the Board of Directors to appoint Branch Auditors for the purpose of auditing the accounts maintained at the Branch Offices of the Company abroad.

Secretarial Audit

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 204 of the Act and the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, the Board of Director appointed M/s Parikh & Associates, a firm of Company Secretaries in Practice to conduct the Secretarial Audit of the Company for year ended March 31, 2019. The Report of the Secretarial Audit is annexed herewith as Annexure - 5. The said Secretarial Audit Report does not contain any qualification, reservations, adverse remarks and disclaimer.

Cost Audit

As per Section 148 of the Act, the Company is required to have the audit of its cost records conducted by a Cost Accountant. The Board of Directors of the Company has on the recommendation of the Audit Committee, approved the appointment of M/s Mani & Co., a firm of Cost Accountants in Practice (Registration No.000004) as the Cost Auditors of the Company to conduct cost audits for relevant products prescribed under the Companies (Cost Records and Audit) Rules, 2014 for the year ending March 31, 2020. The Board on recommendations of the Audit Committee have approved the remuneration payable to the Cost Auditor subject to ratification of their remuneration by the Members at the forthcoming AGM.

M/s Mani & Co. have, under Section 139(1) of the Act and the Rules framed thereunder furnished a certificate of their eligibility and consent for appointment.

The cost accounts and records of the Company are duly prepared and maintained as required under Section 148(1) of Act.

OTHER DISCLOSURES

PARTICULARS OF CONTRACTS OR ARRANGEMENTS WITH RELATED PARTIES

All contracts/ arrangements/ transactions entered by the Company during the FY 2018-19 with related parties were on an arm's length basis and in the ordinary course of business. There were no material related party transactions (RPTs) undertaken by the Company during the year that require shareholders' approval under Regulation 23(4) of the SEBI Listing Regulations or Section 188 of the Act. The approval of the Audit Committee was sought for all RPTs. All the transactions were in compliance with the applicable provisions of the Act and SEBI Listing Regulations.

Given that the Company does not have any RPTs to report pursuant to Section 134(3)(h) of the Act read with Rule 8(2) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 in Form AOC-2, the same is not provided. The details of RPTs during FY 2018-19, including transaction with person or entity belonging to the promoter/ promoter group which hold(s) 10% or more shareholding in the Company are provided in the accompanying financial statements.

During the FY 2018-19, the Non-Executive Directors of the Company had no pecuniary relationship or transactions with the Company other than sitting fees, commission and reimbursement of expenses, as applicable.

The Policy on Related Party Transactions was amended during the year in line with amendment to the Act and SEBI Listing Regulations. The Revised Policy is available on the Company's website URL: https://investors.tatamotors.com/pdf/rpt-policy.pdf

PARTICULARS OF LOANS, GUARANTEES OR INVESTMENTS

The details of Loans and Investments made during FY 2018-19 are given below:

(Rs in crores)
Name of Companies Nature of Transactions Loans Investment
JT Special Vehicle Private Limited Loan 3.75 -
TAL Manufacturing Solutions Limited Acquisition of NonAerospace Business - 0.1
TMF Holdings Limited Call option exercised for Compulsorily convertible preference shares: Series A - 130
TMF Holdings Limited Equity Infusion - 600
Tata Precision Industries Singapore Loan 0.5 -
Trilix S.R.L Acquisition of remaining 20% stake - 7.97

During FY 2018-19, the Company has not given guarantee to any of its subsidiaries, joint ventures and associate companies.

SECRETARIAL STANDARDS

The Company has devised proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable Secretarial Standards issued by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India and that such systems are adequate and operating effectively.

DIVIDEND DISTRIBUTION POLICY

Pursuant to Regulation 43A of SEBI Listing Regulations, the Board of Directors of the Company have formulated a Dividend Distribution Policy ('the policy'). The Policy was amended by the Board to make it more dynamic yet simple.

The amended policy is annexed to this Report as Annexure - 6 and is also available on the Company's website URL: https://investors . tatamotors.com/pdf/dividend-distribution-policy.pdf

SIGNIFICANT & MATERIAL ORDERS PASSED BY THE REGULATORS OR COURTS OR TRIBUNALS

There are no significant material orders passed by the Regulators or Courts or Tribunal, which would impact the going concern status of the Company and its future operation. However, Members attention is drawn to the Statement on Contingent Liabilities and Commitments in the Notes forming part of the Financial Statement.

DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT

Based on the framework of internal financial controls and compliance systems established and maintained by the Company, work performed by the internal, statutory, cost, secretarial auditors and external agencies, including audit of internal financial controls over financial reporting by the Statutory Auditors and the reviews performed by Management and the relevant Board Committees, including the Audit Committee, the Board is of the opinion that the Company's internal financial controls were adequate and effective during FY 2018-19.

Accordingly, pursuant to Section 134(5) of the Act, the Board of Directors, to the best of their knowledge and ability, confirm that:

(a) in the preparation of the accounts for the financial year ended March 31, 2019, the applicable accounting standards have been followed and that there are no material departures;

(b) we have selected such accounting policies and have applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent, so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the Company for that period;

(c) proper and sufficient care for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act, for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;

(d) the annual accounts have been prepared on a going concern basis;

(e) proper internal financial controls were laid down and that such internal financial controls are adequate and were operating effectively*; and

(f) proper systems were devised to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws and such systems are adequate and operating effectively.

*ptease refer to the Section "internal Control Systems and their Adequacy"in the Management Discussion and Analysis.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Directors wish to convey their appreciation to all of the Company's employees for their contribution towards the Company's performance. The Directors would also like to thank the shareholders, employee unions, customers, dealers, suppliers, bankers, Governments and all other business associates for their continuous support to the Company and their confidence in its management.

On behalf of the Board of Directors

N CHANDRASEKARAN
Chairman
(DIN: 00121863)
Mumbai, May 20, 2019